Repeat Photography Bibliography

This section contains a bibliography of print and publications related to the practice and use of repeat photography.


Books & Monographs

  1. Allen, C. D., Betancourt, J. L., & Swetnam, T. W. (1998). Landscape change in the Southwestern United States: Techniques, long-term data sets, and trends. In Sisk, T. D. (Ed.), Perspectives on the land use history of North America: A context for understanding our changing environment (pp. 71-84). U.S. Geological Survey, Biological Resource Division, Biological Science Report.
  2. Amundson, M. A. (1991). Wyoming time and again: Rephotographing the scenes of J. E. Stimson. Boulder, CO: Pruett Publishing.
  3. Athearn, F. J. (1988). Habitat in the past: Historical perspectives of riparian zones on the White River. Denver, CO: Bureau of Land Management, Colorado State Office.
  4. Baars, D. L., & Buchanan, R. C. (1994). The canyon revisited: A rephotography of the Grand Canyon, 1923/1991. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press.
  5. Goin, Peter, et al. (1992). Stopping time: A rephotographic survey of Lake Tahoe. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press.
  6. Gruell, G. E. (1983). Fire and vegetative trends in the Northern Rockies: Interpretations from 1871-1982 photographs (Report No. INT-158). Ogden, UT: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station.
  7. Gruell, G. E. (2001). Fire in Sierra Nevada forests: A photographic interpretation of ecological change since 1849. Missoula, MT: Mountain Press Publishing.
  8. Hall, F. C. (2001). Ground-based photographic monitoring (Report No. PNW-GTR-503). Portland, OR: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
  9. Hall, F. C. (2002). Photo point monitoring handbook: Part A - field procedures (Report No. PNW-GTR-526). Portland, OR: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
  10. Hastings, J. R., & Turner, R. M. (1997). The changing mile: An ecological study of vegetation change with time in the lower mile of an arid and semiarid region. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.
  11. Hogan, J. T. & Allen, C. D. (2000). The use of repeat photography for historical ecology research in the landscape of Bandelier National Monument and the Jemez Mountains, New Mexico. U.S. Geological Survey, Midcontinent Ecological Science Center.
  12. Jacobson, R. B., & Primm, A. T. (1997). Historical land-use changes and potential effects on stream disturbance in the Ozark Plateaus, Missouri. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the Missouri Dept. of Conservation.
  13. Johnson, C. G. (2003). Green fescue rangelands changes over time in the Wallowa Mountains (Report No. PNW-GTR-569). Portland, OR: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
  14. Johnson, K. L. (1987). Rangeland through time: A photographic study of vegetation change in Wyoming, 1870-1986. Laramie, WY: University of Wyoming, Agricultural Experiment Station.
  15. Kay, C. E. (1999). Long-term ecosystem states and processes in Banff National Park and the Central Canadian Rockies. Ottawa, ON: Parks Canada.
  16. Kay, C. E. (1999). Repeat photography and long-term vegetation change on the U.S. Sheep Experiment Station and other rangelands in the Centennial Mountains. Final Report. Dubois, Idaho: U.S. Sheep Experiment Station, Agricultural Research Service.
  17. Kay, C. E. (2003). Long-term vegetation change on Utah's Fishlake National Forest: A study in repeat photography. Logan, UT: Utah State University Extension.
  18. Klement, K. D., Heitschmidt, R. K., & Kay, C. E. (2001). Eighty years of vegetation and landscape changes in the Northern Great Plains. Miles City, MT: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service.
  19. Klett, M., Manchester, E., Verburg, M., Bushaw, G., Dingus, R., & Berger, P. (1984). Second view: The rephotographic survey project. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press.
  20. Klett, M., Bajakian, K., Fox, W. L., Marshall, M., Ueshina, T., Wolfe, B. (2004). Third views, second sights: A rephotographic survey of the American West. Santa Fe, NM: Museum of New Mexico Press, in association with the Center for American Places.
  21. Klett, M., Lundgren, M., Fradkin, P. L., Solnit, R., & Breuer, K. (2006). After the ruins, 1906 and 2006: Rephotographing the San Francisco earthquake and fire. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
  22. Klett, M., Solnit, R., & Wolfe, B. (2005). Yosemite in time: Ice ages, tree cocks, and ghost rivers. San Antonio, TX: Trinity University Press.
  23. Klett, M., Pyne, S. J., Senf, R. A., & Wolfe, B. (2012). Reconstructing the view: The Grand Canyon photographs of Mark Klett and Byron Wolfe. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
  24. Little, E. L., Jr. (1997). My sixty-five year study of progress in managing pine-oak forests (pinus echinata) in Southeastern Oklahoma—A photographic summary. Oklahoma City, OK: Oklahoma Department of Agriculture, Forestry Services.
  25. Lockett, H. C., Beale, E. F., Snow, M., & Beatty, W. W. (1940). Along the Beale Trail: A photographic account of wasted range land based on the diary of lieutenant Edward F. Beale, 1857. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Office of Indian Affairs.
  26. MacLaren, I. S. (2005). Mapper of mountains: M. P. Bridgland in the Canadian Rockies, 1902-1930. Edmonton, AB: University of Alberta Press.
  27. Meagher, M., & Houston, D. B. (1998). Yellowstone and the biology of time: Photographs across a century. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press.
  28. Powell, D. C. (2006). Recording the changes: field guide to establishing and maintaining permanent camera point systems (Report No. FS-14-SO-09-06). Pendleton, OR: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region.
  29. Prevedel, D. A., McArthur, E. D., & Johnson, C. M. (2005). Beginnings of range management: An anthology of the Sampson-Ellison photo plots (1913 to 2003) and a short history of the Great Basin Experiment Station (Report No. RMRS-GTR-154). Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
  30. Prevedel, D. A., & Johnson, C. M. (2005). Beginnings of range management: Albert F. Potter, first Chief of Grazing, U.S. Forest Service, and a photographic comparison of his 1902 Forest Reserve survey in Utah with conditions 100 years later. Ogden, UT: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service Intermountain Region.
  31. Progulske, D. R. (1974). Yellow ore, yellow hair, yellow pine: A photographic study of a century of forest ecology. Brookings, SD: South Dakota State University, Agricultural Experiment Station.
  32. Puchbauer, T. C., & Carroll, F. O. (1993). Snapshot in time: Repeat photography on the Boise National Forest, 1870-1992. Boise, ID: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Boise National Forest, Intermountain Region.
  33. Rogers, G. F. (1982). Then and now: A photographic history of vegetation change in the central Great Basin Desert. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press.
  34. Shantz, H. L., & Turner, B. L. (1958). Photographic documentation of vegetation changes in Africa over a third of a century. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.
  35. Shaw, H. G. (2006). Wood plenty, grass good, water none: Vegetation changes in Arizona's Upper Verde River watershed from 1850 to 1997 (Report No. RMRS-GTR-177). Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
  36. Skovlin, J. M. (1995). Interpreting long-term trends in Blue Mountain ecosystems from repeat photography. Portland, OR: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
  37. Skovlin, J. M., Strickler, G. S., Peterson, J. L., & Sampson, A. W. (2001). Interpreting landscape change in high mountains of Northeastern Oregon from long-term repeat photography (Report No. PNW-GTR-315). Portland, OR: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
  38. Smith, H. Y. & Arno, S. F. (Eds.). (1999). Eighty-eight years of change in a managed ponderosa pine forest (Report No. RMRS-GTR-23). Ogden, UT: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.
  39. Snapshot in time: Repeat photography on the Boise National Forest, 1870-1992. (1993). Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Boise National Forest.
  40. Strickler, G. S., & Hall, W. B. (1980). The Standley allotment: A history of range recovery (Report No. PNW-278). Portland, OR: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station.
  41. Tape, K. (2010). The changing arctic landscape. Fairbanks, AK: University of Alaska Press.
  42. Turner, R. M., Ochung', H. A., & Turner, J. B. (1998). Kenya's changing landscape. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.
  43. Turner, R. M., Webb, R. H., Bowers, J. E., & Hastings, J. R. (2003). The changing mile revisited. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.
  44. Vale, T. R., & Vale, G. R. (1994). Time and the Tuolumne landscape: Continuity and change in the Yosemite high country. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.
  45. Veblen, T. T., & Lorenz, D. C. (1991). The Colorado front range: A century of ecological change. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press.
  46. Webb, R. H. (1996). Grand Canyon, a century of change. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.
  47. Webb, R. H., Belnap, J., & Weisheit, J. S. (2004). Cataract Canyon: A human and environmental history of the rivers in Canyonlands. Salt Lake City, UT: University of Utah Press.
  48. Webb, R. H., Leake, S. A., & Turner, R. M. (2007). The ribbon of green—Change in riparian vegetation in the Southwestern United States. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press.
  49. Webb, R. H., Boyer, D. E., & Turner, R. M. (2010). Repeat photography: Methods and applications in the natural sciences. Washington, DC: Island Press.
  50. White, C. & Hart, E. J. (2007). The lens of time: A repeat photography of landscape change in the Canadian Rockies. Calgary, AB: University of Calgary Press.
  51. Wyckoff, W. (2006). On the road again: Montana's changing landscape. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

Reference Sources

  1. Rogers, G., Malde, H. E., & Turner, R. M. (1984). Bibliography of repeat photography for evaluating landscape change. Salt Lake City, UT. University of Utah Press.


  1. Ahlstrom, R. V. N. (1992). Casual repeat photography: An illustration from Hopi architectural history. Journal of the Southwest, 34(2), 166-186.
  2. Andrews, C., Dick, J., Jonasson, C., & Callaghan, T, (2011). Assessment of biological and environmental phenology at a landscape level from 30 years of fixed-date repeat photography in Northern Sweden. A Journal of the Human Environment, 40(6), 600-609.
  3. Bae, S., Agarwala, A., & Durand, F. (2010). Computational re-photography. CSAIL Technical Reports
    • Academic article detailing the authors' development of a computer-based method of recreating camera angles for rephotography.
  4. Bierman, P. R., Howe, J., Stanley-Mann, E., Peabody, M., Hilke, J., & Massey, C. A. (2005). Old images record landscape change through time. GSA Today, 15(5), 4-10.
  5. Boerma, P. (2006). Assessing forest cover change in Eritrea—A historical perspective. Mountain Research and Development, 26(1), 41-47.
  6. Bullock, S. H., Martijena, N. E., Webb, R. H., & Turner, R. M. (2005). Twentieth century demographic changes in cirio and cardón in Baja California, Mexico. Journal of Biogeography, 32, 127-143.
  7. Burton, C., Mitchell, J. T., & Cutter, S. L. (2011). Evaluating post-Katrina recovery in Mississippi using repeat photography. Disasters, 35(3), 488-509.
  8. Butler, D. R. (2013). The field tradition in mountain geomorphology. Geomorphology, 200, 42-49.
  9. Byers, A. (1987). An assessment of landscape change in the Khumbu region of Nepal using repeat photography. Mountain Research and Development, 7(1), 77-81.
  10. Clark, P. E., & Hardegree, S. P. (2005). Quantifying vegetation change by point sampling landscape photography time series. Rangeland Ecology & Management, 58(6), 588-597.
  11. Crimmins, M. A., Crimmins, T. M. (2008). Monitoring plant phenology using digital repeat photography. Environmental Management, 41(6), 949-958.
  12. Graf, W. L. (1987). Late Holocene sediment storage in canyons of the Colorado Plateau. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 99(2), 261-271.
  13. Griffiths, P. G., Webb, R. H., & Melis, T. S. (2004). Frequency and initiation of debris flows in Grand Canyon, Arizona. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109(F04002).
  14. Hart, R. H., & Laycock, W. A. (1996). Repeat photography on range and forest lands in the Western United States. Journal of Range Management, 49(1), 60-67.
  15. Hendrick, L. E., & Copenheaver, C. A. (2009). Using repeat landscape photography to assess vegetation changes in rural communities of the Southern Appalachian Mountains in Virginia, USA. Mountain Research and Development, 29(1), 60-67.
  16. Hofgaard, A., Kullman, L., & Alexandersson, H. (1991). Response of old-growth montane Picea abies (L.) Karst. forest to climatic variability in northern Sweden. The New Phytologist, 119(4), 585-594.
  17. Humphrey, R. R. (1988). Reviewed work: 90 years and 535 miles: Vegetation changes along the Mexican border. Journal of the Southwest, 30(3), 460-463.
  18. Kay, C. E. & Reid, C. R. (2011). Long-term changes in Southern Utah upland shrub communities: A study in repeat photography. Natural Resources and Environmental Issues, 16(31).
  19. Kull, C. A. (2005). Historical landscape repeat photography as a tool for land use change research. Norwegian Journal of Geography, 59(4), 253-268.
  20. Mason, B. (2010). Soil landscapes, land cover change and erosion features of the Central Plateau region of Tigrai, Ethiopia: Photo-monitoring with an interval of 30 years. Catena, 75(1), 55-64.
  21. Migliavacca, M., Galvagno, M., Cremonese, E., Rossini, M., Meroni, M., Sonnentag, O., Cogliati, S., Manca, G., Diotri, F., Busetto, L., Cescatti, A., Colombo, R., Fava, F., Morra di Cella, U., Pari, E., Siniscalco, C., & Richardson, A. D. (2006). Using digital repeat photography and eddy covariance data to model grassland phenology and photosynthetic CO2 uptake. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151(10), 1325-1337.
  22. Moseley, R. K. (2006). Historical landscape change in Northwestern Yunnan, China: Using repeat photography to assess the perceptions and realities of biodiversity loss. International Mountain Society, 26(3), 214-219.
  23. Nichols, M., Crimmins, M., & Brandau, B. (Eds.). (2006). Repeat Photography using GigaPan Imagery in the San Simon Watershed, Arizona, USAM/a>. Fine International Conference on Gigapixel Imaging for Science, Paper 25.
  24. Nyssen, J., Haile, M., Naudts, J., Munro, N., Poesen, J., Moeyersons, J., Frankl, A., Deckers, J., & Pankhurst, R. (2009). Desertification? Northern Ethiopia re-photographed after 140 years. Science of The Total Environment, 407(8), 2749-2755.
  25. Pickard, J. (2002). Assessing vegetation change over a century using repeat photography. Australian Journal of Botany, 50(4), 409-414.
  26. Rasmussen, A. G. & Voth, K. (2001). Repeat photography monitoring made easy. Utah State University Extension; USEPA.
    • PDF includes eight-page description of "do-it-yourself" repeat photography monitoring methods.
  27. Rephotography. (n.d.). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved from
    • Wikipedia entry on "Rephotography," the article cites Mark Klett (former US Geological Survey photographer) as the founder of "rephotography," through his two books, "Second View, the Rephotographic Survey Project" and "Third View" (2005). Also has links to several "then-and-now" websites for various cities such as Atlanta.
  28. Roush, W., Munroe, J. S., & Fagre, D. B. (2007). Development of a spatial analysis method using ground-based repeat photography to detect changes in the alpine treeline ecotone, Glacier National Park, Montana, USA. Arctic, Antarctic, and Alpine Research, 39(2), 297-308.
  29. Smith, T. (2007). Repeat Photography as a method in visual anthropology. Visual Anthropology, 20(2-3), 179-200.
  30. Sonnentag, O., Hufkens, K., Teshera-Sterne, C., Young, A. M., Friedl, M., Braswell, B. H., Milliman, T., O’Keefe, J., & Richardson, A. D. (2012). Digital repeat photography for phenological research in forest ecosystems. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 152(15), 159-177.
  31. Sorrel, C. (2010). Camera software lets you see into the past. Wired Gadget Lab Blog.
    • Wired "Gadget Lab" blog post on camera software for rephotography. The article states that researchers have developed software (see "Computational Re-photography" above) that can recreate the camera angles used in existing photos. Cameras could be developed with the software built in.
  32. Webb, R. H. (1997). Windows into change: Extracting environmental data from old photographs. Portland, OR: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.
    • Provides a brief overview of the process of repeat photography and types of data that may be gathered from repeat photographs
  33. Zier, J. L., & Baker, W. L. (2006). A century of vegetation change in the San Juan Mountains, Colorado: An analysis using repeat photography. Forest Ecology and Management, 228(1-3), 251-262.

Dissertations or Theses

  1. Vale, T. R. (1973). The Sagebrush Landscape of the Intermountain West (Doctoral dissertation). University of California, Berkeley.
    • Includes the use of repeat photography to study landscape change in this region of the United States since the late nineteenth century.
  2. Zipperer, W. C. (1987). Vegetation and landscape analysis of woodlots in central New York (Doctoral dissertation). State University of New York, College of Environmental Science and Forestry.
    • Vegetation change during the twentieth century.